Hebrews

THE SUPREMACY OF CHRIST

Sunday Blessing

I will extol you, my God and King, and bless your name forever and ever. Every day I will bless you and praise your name forever and ever. Great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised, and his greatness is unsearchable.

– Psalm 145:1-3

Holy Holy Holy

Holy, holy, holy

Lord, God Almighty

Early in the morning

Our song shall rise to Thee


Holy, holy, holy

Merciful and mighty

God in three persons

Blesséd Trinity


Holy, holy, holy

Though the darkness hide Thee

Though the eye of

Sinful man thy glory may not see


Only Thou art holy

There is none beside Thee

Perfect in power

Love and purity


Holy, holy, holy

Lord, God Almighty

All Thy works shall

Praise Thy name in earth

And sky and sea


Holy, holy, holy

Merciful and mighty

God in three persons

Blesséd Trinity


God in three persons

Blesséd Trinity


Christ the Sure & Steady Anchor

Christ the sure and steady Anchor

In the fury of the storm

When the winds of

Doubt blow through me

And my sails have all been torn


In the suffering, in the sorrow

When my sinking hopes are few

I will hold fast to the Anchor

It shall never be removed


Christ the sure and steady Anchor

While the tempest rages on

When temptation claims the battle

And it seems the night has won


Deeper still then goes the Anchor

Though I justly stand accused

I will hold fast to the Anchor

It shall never be removed


Christ the sure and steady Anchor

Through the floods of unbelief

Hopeless somehow, oh my soul, now

Lift your eyes to Calvary


This my ballast of assurance

See his love forever proved

I will hold fast to the Anchor

It shall never be removed


Christ the sure and steady Anchor

As we face the wave of death

When these trials give way to glory

As we draw our final breath


We will cross that great horizon

Clouds behind and life secure

And the calm will be the better

For the storms that we endure


Christ the sure of our salvation

Ever faithful, ever true

We will hold fast to the Anchor

It shall never be removed


Hebrews

The Supremacy of Christ

Why do we study books of the Bible? 


I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and his kingdom: preach the word…

– 2 Timothy 4:1-2


For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.

– Hebrews 4:12


And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers.

– Acts 2:42


How do we study the Bible? 


  • Historical
  • Grammatical
  • Exegetical
  • Christotelic


Why are we studying Hebrews? 

The issues that the church audience the writer addresses have similar issues that we face today: 


  • Laxity in faith and worship
  • Needed encouragement to keep the faith despite popular or political oppression 
  • Temptation to fall back into old ways of living and loving 
  • Needed reminder of the greatness of the faith to which they hold and the promise of heaven


Hebrews 12:1-2

Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God.


THIS IS THE WORD OF THE LORD:

THANKS BE TO GOD!

Background to Hebrews

Approach 

Written to be read initially as a sermon or homily. We call it a book, or letter, but it was initially written to be read out loud at a synagogue or home church meeting. 


Authorship 

Who wrote the letter? Intensely debated due to lack of authorship declaration.


  • Luke (similar style)
  • Apollos (Acts 18:24-28)
  • Paul (old thinkers)
  • Barnabas ("son of encouragement")
  • Clement of Rome (more old thinkers)


Audience

We can be reasonably assured that they were Greek speaking Jewish Christians, which means they most likely would not have been from Jerusalem. 


Where was it intended to go? 

Unlike some of the other letters of the NT, there is no real internal evidence of where it was intended to go, other than at the end in chapter 13. 


You should know that our brother Timothy has been released, with whom I shall see you if he comes soon. Greet all your leaders and all the saints. Those who come from Italy send you greetings.

– Hebrews 13:23-24


Summary

The letter to the Hebrews was written to Jewish-Christians, living in the Eastern part of the Empire, by someone closely connected to Paul’s inner circle in Italy, in the middle of the 1st Century most likely before the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in AD70. It was written for the purpose of encouraging the believers not to waver from their faith and worship, to be steadfast in holding firm to the teachings they had received from their leaders, to endure oppression, to long for and look to heaven, and to live out their lives in holiness and joy. 


Key Themes

Christ Speaks [Hebrews 1:1-4] 


  • Creator 
  • Incarnate

 

Christ Supreme [Hebrews 1:5-9:28] 


  • Over Creation 
  • Over Angels 
  • Over Moses 
  • Over Aaron 
  • Over Temple 


Christ Saves [Hebrews 10:1-39] 


  • Sacrifice 
  • Priesthood 


Christ Strengthens [Hebrews 11:1-12:29] 


  • Call to Holiness 
  • Call to Steadfastness 
  • Call to Faith 


Christ Sanctifies [Hebrews 13] 


  • Holy Living 
  • Sound Teaching 
  • Loving Obedience 

Closing Prayer

O God of our delight! Your throne of grace is the pleasure ground of our soul. Here we obtain mercy in our time of need, here we see the smile on Your face, here our joy pleads the name of Jesus, and here we sharpen the sword of the Spirit. Help us to come to Christ as the fountain of all Your blessings, as a wide open flood-gate of mercy. We marvel at our folly, that when such enriching flavors are within reach we are slow to take them. Have mercy upon our deadness for Your Name’s sake. Quicken us, stir us up, fill us with a holy zeal. Strengthen us that we may cling to You and not let You go. May Your Spirit in us draw all blessings from Your hand and may we never give You rest until Christ is the pulse of our hearts, the spokesman of our lips, and the lamp of our feet. Amen.

Communion

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Father You Are All We Need

Our Father who in heaven reigns

How great and mighty is Your name

Your kingdom come Your will be done

Now here on eart as is above


O give to us our daily bread

And keep our hungry spirits fed

May all our satisfaction be

In you whose grace has set us free


Give us hope, give us faith

Help us trust in Your guidance

From the depths of Your grace

You have richly provided


Thank you, thank you

Father, You are all we need

Father, You are all we need


Forgive us all our trespasses

As we forgive when sinned against

Though evil seeks to hide Your face

We fix our eyes on You by faith


Give us hope, give us faith

Help us trust in Your guidance

From the depths of Your grace

You have richly provided


Thank you, thank you

Father, You are all we need

Father, You are all we need


Give us faith

Help us trust in Your guidance

From the depths of Your grace

You have richly provided


Thank you, thank you

Father, You are all we need


We lift you high above all names!

Your kingdom will forever reign!

To you the glory and the power

Forevermore!


We lift you high above all names!

Your kingdom will forever reign!

To you the glory and the power

Forevermore!


How Great Thou Art

O Lord, my God

When I in awesome wonder

Consider all the worlds

Thy hands have made

I see the stars

I hear the rolling thunder

Thy power throughout

The universe displayed


And when I think

That God, His Son not sparing

Sent him to die

I scarce can take it in

That on the cross

My burden gladly bearing

He bled and died

To take away my sin


Then sings my soul

My Savior God, to thee!

How great Thou art!

How great Thou art!


Then sings my soul

My Savior God, to thee!

How great Thou art!

How great Thou art!


When crushed by guilt

Of sin, before Him kneeling

I plea for mercy

And for grace and peace

I feel His balm

And all my bruises healing

My soul is filled

My heart is set at ease


Then sings my soul

My Savior God, to thee!

How great Thou art!

How great Thou art!


Then sings my soul

My Savior God, to thee!

How great Thou art!

How great Thou art!


When burdens press

And seem beyond endurance

Bowed down with grief

To Him I lift my face

And then in love

He brings me sweet assurance

‘My child! For thee

Sufficient is my grace'


Then sings my soul

My Savior God, to thee!

How great Thou art!

How great Thou art!


Then sings my soul

My Savior God, to thee!

How great Thou art!

How great Thou art!


When Christ shall come

With shout of acclamation

And take me home

What joy shall fill my heart!

Then I shall bow in humble adoration

And there proclaim

My God, how great thou art!


Then sings my soul

My Savior God, to thee!

How great Thou art!

How great Thou art!


Then sings my soul

My Savior God, to thee!

How great Thou art!

How great Thou art!


Sending Blessing

May the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him, having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints, and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe.

– Ephesians 1:17-19

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